- Posted by jdavis on August 31, 2011
Testicular cancer, though the most common cancer in young men, is rare. The highest at risk age group is between 18-34 years old. About 1 in 500 men between the ages of 15 and 50 develop this problem. Since the late 1970’s there has been a rise in incidence of testicular cancer and this rate is still increasing. However, advances in the treatment of testicular cancer have led to a fall in mortality rates since the late 1970s. In fact, the mortality rate is now only 0.3 per 100,000.
In more than one third of cases, testicular cancer has already spread by the time of diagnosis. Despite this, today more than 95% of patients are cured, although many need drug treatment (chemotherapy). If caught at an early stage, the treatment is much simpler and may only require surgery to the diseased testicle. Cure at this stage is more than 99%.
Surveys suggest that many men are unaware of testicular cancer or prefer to ignore it. Only 5% of men regularly check their testicles. A simple, regular self-examination is now known to help detect the early signs and reduce the amount of treatment needed.
There are no proven ways to prevent testicular cancer. However, the following steps may increase the possibility of finding early-stage testicular cancer when it is most likely to be curable.
- Perform regular testicular self-examinations (TSE). Most cases of testicular cancer are discovered during a self-examination or by a health professional during a routine physical.
- Be aware of any pain or discomfort in your scrotum, pelvis, or lower back. If you have any discomfort in these areas, see your health professional as soon as possible.